Category Archives: Trademark Information

The Elements of Intellectual Property Legislation

Category: Trademark Information

If you want to protect your rights to something that you or your organisation have created or commissioned, be it a new product or service, a creative endeavour or any other kind of intellectual property, then you may find the terminology confusing if you’re not used to it. Indeed, much of it is used interchangeably (not always correctly) and there is a certain overlap between the areas of legislation.

Let’s take some of the main terms. The ‘trademark’ is an idea that has been around in some form since the first craftsmen put personal marks on their piecework to ensure they were paid for it. Most governments began to introduce trademark legislation in the 19th Century, when industrialisation and an increasingly global marketplace created a need for a clear legal framework for the exchange of goods and services.

A trademark is an image or a name, word or phrase that distinguishes goods (or services, although you may sometimes see the term ‘service mark, in this context) produced or provided by a specific party from those of any other.

While it is advisable to formally register your trademark, it is not actually necessary. The right to use a trademark is established mainly by using it.  So, if you are the owner of a well-known brand and a competitor gives their product a name which might be mistaken for yours, then you have a right to challenge them, regardless of whether your trademark is registered or not. However the benefit of a trade mark registration is that you do not have to gather evidence of your reputation in a brand.  Trade mark infringement action is readily available to stop a competitor copying your brand and trading on your hardearned reputation in the marketplace.

Unlike a trademark, which serves to protect a brand and can be renewed indefinitely, a ‘patent’ registration protects an invention or function of a product, for a limited time – generally 20 years. Different countries have different definitions of what constitutes a patentable invention. In general, to be acceptable for a patent, the invention must be genuinely innovative, useful (although that, of course is a rather subjective standard), and not so obvious that nobody has bothered to patent it before. An inventor who has developed a revolutionary gadget needs to secure a patent before approaching potential investors or business partners. If they do not, then they will have no rights over their invention if another party who sees the design and already has the manufacturing capabilities decides to make it for themselves and keep the profits!

Trademarks and patents are two of the most popular means for protecting different forms of ‘intellectual property’, which is basically anything that comes about as the result of human creativity and ingenuity. It includes intangible goods such as music and other creative works, many of which are protected by another branch of intellectual property law – copyright, as well as designs, inventions and developments in many other fields, such as new chemical compounds or plant varieties.

The issue of intellectual property is particularly relevant in the internet age. The ability to share data and bypass rights has sparked an often heated debate about the ethics of intellectual property ownership which shows no sign of abating.

Using Do-It-Yourself or Online Trademark Registrations Can Be Disastrous

Category: Trademark Information

Are you ready to register your brand as a trademark? Look no further than an in-person professional trademark specialist.

Recently, many more people are fallen victims to overseas and online scams regarding trademarks. Filing with an online company, particularly those based overseas, can have disastrous results, and can even result in cease and desist letters from a lawyer or a competitor.

Why? Firstly, These foreign companies may not have the right to file on behalf of an in-country trademark applicant.  Secondly, they may not have qualified personal to oversee the process. Having a professional trademark specialist oversee your application and file it on your behalf is essential. The paperwork, while complex, can be tricky to the untrained applicant.

There are several things that can happen to your trademark application if you use an overseas or mass market firm, especially one that seems too good to be true.

  • The application can be abandoned if there is no one to take queries from the Trade Marks Office.
  • There may not be resources for clients who are challenged, especially for infringement, during the application process.
  • Due to lack of research and resources, the application can lapse because the research was not complete
  • The mass market or an overseas firm may not be totally honest or knowledgeable about whether you have the right to register your trademark in the first place.
  • The resulting registration may not adequately protect your brand or may over protect it leaving it vulnerable to an application for non-use.

These are just the problems resulting from a mass market or overseas online trademark registrations. While these companies may not have the time or resources to properly attend to a trademark registration in foreign countries, there is another pitfall related to those who think they have the time: the do-it-yourself businessperson.

Business owners are often in the do-it-yourself arena. Often, doing things themselves saves money.

With filing a trademark application, this often turns out not to be the case.

It is important to recognize the reasons you would use a professional trademark specialist and the complexity of the trademark registration process which we often discuss but you can see these on our website

Save yourself time, money, and energy, and work with Pinnacle TMS. We have a wealth of knowledge and experience in dealing successfully with the Trade Marks Office, as well as overseas lawyers, were necessary, to secure trademark registrations around the world for our clients.

TV Chef James Cochran Battles Former Restaurant Over Trade Mark Name

Category: Trademark Information

Chef James Cochran, who appears on the TV show Great British Menu 2018, is facing off with his former restaurant James Cochran EC3 over the registration and use of his name.

James Cochran was formerly of two-Michelin star restaurant The Ledbury located in West London. He opened his self-titled restaurant the James Cochran EC3 in 2016. He left the restaurant last April, two months before his slated appearance on the renowned BBC 2 cooking show.

Cochran’s Recipes

To his surprise, even after his departure, the restaurant sold recipes under his name—in packages like £50 for five recipes—which prompted the chef to respond. In a tweet, James Cochran wrote: “Wtf?? Who is going to pay £25 a week just to add my name in front of the recipe?? I will give you the recipes for free if your that low!!”

Rayuela Limited, Cochran’s former employer, includes the recipes on the website, with the header saying “TRADEMARKED FOR A REASON.” The website offers not only licenses for interested partners to use the recipes but also the promotional use of the James Cochran name and trademark.

Chef Cochran links the timing of the release of the recipes with his recent public appearances. He writes: “It’s crazy…just are just trying to cash in on me for being on TV this week!!”

Rayuela’s Response

A spokesperson for Rayuela took to Twitter to issue a statement, saying that the company was able to file for the proper ownership of the James Cochran trademark before Chef Cochran issued his resignation. They were also able to file it before the Great British Menu finished filming, implying that the two issues were not related.

The filing of the trademark registration complicates the matter. The restaurant refers to the Act in a tweet calling for support for Cochran (the restaurant), saying that intellectual property is rightfully owned by the employer, and that Cochran was merely an employee.

Rayuela also adds that they have attempted to negotiate ownership of the trademark with Cochran, but the chef is not willing to pay the full amount for complete trademarking.

Trademark Laws

Trademark registration not only secures your brand and reputation, it also assists in making your business distinguishable and recognisable from competitors.  In the case of James Cochran, the company can continually profit from his recipes even if he is longer affiliated with them—which means he does not receive any compensation for his creation. The restaurant maintains, however, that they have formally registered the trademark, giving them the right to use the trademarked name, which is within their rights as a legal owner.

Pinnacle can help you with your questions on trademarking your brand, whether its your name or the name of a product or service. We have years of experience in protecting brands from theft both locally and internationally, and we can assist you with the whole registration process to ensure that your brand is safe and secure.

Send us an email at or schedule a consultation with us at

Not Applying for a Trademark Spells Disaster for Your Business

Category: Trademark Information

This story might be familiar to you. An aspiring businessman sets up his own venture. He spends hours deciding on a business name, which he registers at the Australian Securities and Investments Commission and puts it on all his products. All seems to go well but a few months later, a lawyer reaches out to him and tells him he has no right to use his business name. Turns out, the business name is trademarked by another business. The mishap led them to court, and the man lost the business he’s worked so hard for.

A lot of people are like this businessman. They believe that once they’ve registered their business name, everything would sail smoothly. But there’s a world of difference between a business name and a trademark. This is what Pinnacle TMS strives to educate our clients about —applying for a trademark could mean either success and shut down for your business.

Business Name vs. Trademark

Business names are required in running a venture in Australia if you are not using your own name, but registering one doesn’t give you exclusive rights to use it.

A trademark, on the other hand, is a legally protected word, phrase, shape, logo, and more, which helps people identify your product or service. It gives you the exclusive rights to use and sell the mark.

There are two possible consequences if you do not apply for a trademark for your business name. First, the party that owns the trademark of your business name can take legal action against you. Second, you have no legal power to stop anyone from using your business name.

Legal Actions Against the Use of a Trademark

When you use a business’ trademark without authorisation, you are infringing on another’s rights. It could be deemed as an unlawful act.

In some cases, the aggrieved party sends you a cease and desist letter. This is a legally enforceable order that directs you to stop using the trademarked name and remove it from your products and services. You need to change your name and start from square one.

If you ignore this, the aggrieved party could commence legal proceedings whch could mean you could end up in Court.  If they win, not only would you have to stop using the trademark, but the aggrieved party could also seek compensation in the form of damages. If the infringement is determined to be a crime, the court could order a six figure fine or jail sentences.

This is graver when small businesses are involved. Huge and established brands have the money and resources to defend themselves from allegations and go for a quiet settlement. Small enterprises might not be as fortunate.

Businesses with Similar Names

Without a trademark, it is difficult and expensive to stop a competitor from using your business name. This is detrimental to your business. Not only can businesses with the same name compete with you, but customers could also think they’re affiliated with your brand.

There are ways to protect an unregistered trademark, though. If your business name (an unregistered trademark) has built a significant reputational value, the businesses who use it might be accused of passing off as your business.

These accusations may be difficult to prove, however. The best way to protect your intellectual property and save yourself from the significant defence is to apply for a trademark registration.

Register Your Trademark

With so much at stake, it’s imperative that you register your trademark as soon as possible.  The cost to register your trade mark vs the amount you would need to spend in legal and possibly court fees  is significantly less.     The protection trade mark registration guarantees security for your business in the long run. It’s a business asset and a worthy investment.

Contact our experts to help you apply for a trademark.

Do Trademark Laws Apply to Google AdWords?

Category: Trademark Information

Can the use of trademarked terms on Google AdWords be considered a trademark infringement?

The debate is heated once again with the Catch Group’s complaint against Kogan over the latter’s use of the word “catch” on AdWords.

In May, online retailer Catch Group filed a complaint against its fellow online retailer Kogan on its use of the word “catch” on Google AdWords to drive traffic to their site.

Catch Group’s claim read that searching the keywords ‘catch connect’, ‘catch mobile’ and ‘catch mobile plans’ would yield sponsored links to Kogan’s sponsored domain the Catch also alleged that Kogan was trying to pass off its products to be related to their group as the latter registered other products with the domain names and

Catch further claims that Kogan contravened the Australian Consumer Law for misrepresenting that the two companies are related or that the products of Kogan are also Catch products.

Catch is seeking damages for the alleged violations and seeks to require Kogan to cancel its domains.

We are yet to learn the court’s verdict but the Catch vs Kogan case is similar to the Veda Advantage Limited vs Malouf Group Enterprises lawsuit.

Veda Advantage Limited vs Malouf Group Enterprises

In 2016, Veda Advantage Limited filed a case against Malouf Group Enterprises for using VEDA Advantage’s trademarks in their AdWords advertising.

Initially, the court stated that Malouf Group was not guilty of trademark infringement because they used the keywords to describe the services offered rather than use them as a trademark. However, there were instances when Malouf Group used headings such as ‘The Veda Report Centre’. The court found that the use of Veda’s trademark was no longer geared towards describing products but to mislead consumers into thinking that Malouf Group was connected with Veda.

For the second category, Malouf Group was found guilty of infringing Veda Advantage’s trademarks.

Laws are still being developed around the use of Google AdWords. Meanwhile, the Veda vs Malouf case remains to be a useful framework for businesses using AdWords.

What can businesses do to prevent this from happening to them?

Despite the complexities of Google AdWords policies and our existing laws, the best way to protect your trademarks is to have them registered.

Google AdWord’s policy has changed where trademark owners can submit a dissatisfaction notice if someone uses their trademark in an ad’s text. Google will privately look into the matter and restrict the use of the trademark if the site is not a reseller or informational site.

Should you need to go to court, provisions from the Trademarks Act and Australian Consumer Law will also give your business varying layers of protection.

Registering a trademark may be challenging, but we can guide you through the process. With over 20 years of experience in helping business owners with trademark registration, you can rely on us to help you secure the protection your business deserves, both in Australia and overseas.

Contact us today on +61 2 9520 4366 for a 10-minute complimentary consultation about the trademark application process in Australia. You can also reach us at for other enquiries.